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Why the Hybrid model in Project Management?

"The global health pandemic has changed the world as we know it, forcing millions of businesses worldwide to rethink their approach towards work."

In normal times, the implemented project management methodology is a key factor for project success. During a pandemic, and while working remotely, the impact of the implemented methodology became more significant and even more vital to a project’s completion.

Most of the surveys, researches and findings confirm the prevalence of hybrid approaches to project management. Let’s takes a step toward understanding the relative impact of hybrid approaches to project management when combining different methodologies & practices to manage a single project. 

The Buzzwords… 


In the practitioner literature, the project management approach is the highest level of abstraction used when describing how a project will be designed and governed (with a set of general principles and guidelines).

A methodology is more prescriptive and granular than an approach; it provides project managers combination of practices (detailed operational guidance) of how to manage a project like holding daily standup meetings, using a Kanban board, developing a WBS, or using a risk register.

Today, there are several major approaches to managing projects. Traditional and agile approaches are well established in researches and operations (managing projects), while the hybrid approach is emerging.

What is WATERFALL? AGILE? And HYBRID? (in a minute)

The waterfall approach is a linear and predictable project planning practice(s) designed to achieve a well-understood, achievable set of objectives. While, agile is an adaptable approach that leads to dividing the work into distinct iterations throughout the project, along with the distribution of responsibility to team members and the inclusion of project stakeholders in (formal and informal) communications.

And now, the Hybrid approach... this one combines the previously mentioned approaches (traditional and agile) by blending their methodologies and practices. In other words, it is the best of both approaches.

Why Hybrid?

Historically, project success was measured with a focus on meeting the triple constraints of time, budget, and scope. Currently, project success is recognized as a multidimensional construct including the industry, project complexity, team size, stakeholder involvement, and company & team competencies.

A hybrid approach to project management can provide potential improvements by combining practices to provide the same budget and time and scope and quality outcomes commensurate with traditional approaches, while at the same time attaining the same level of stakeholder success that agile approaches deliver.

The hybrid approach can provide potential improvements to the prediction of the budget, time, scope and quality outcomes commensurate with traditional approaches, while at the same time attaining the same level of stakeholder success that agile approaches deliver.

Thus, when selecting the hybrid approach, you can define project constraints using waterfall practices, plan & execute with Agile, and close with waterfall to speed up the whole process without compromising the project constraints and minimizing the risk. It is much like creating a picture designed from puzzle pieces by:

  • Defining requirements upfront sets the stage for future sprints
  • Collaborating with your stakeholders in proactively
  • Testing throughout sprints, and full regression before closing the project.


Message for the traditional managers

Remember, the "Hybrid" is your future standard approach, and It can be a (practical) transitional approach for traditional organizations attempting to become wholly agile.

Message for the agilists

Do not consider the hybrid approach as a "malformation" approach... (we)  believe those project managers using the hybrid approach are incorporating at least one of the fundamental agile principles, which is specifically that business and technical people work together throughout the project. So!... use the "Hybrid" approach as a solution when needed without compromising your "principles".


Quantitative and qualitative research and standards bodies are predicting that hybrid approaches are prevalent and a natural choice for project managers. The conditions that lead to the adoption of hybrid approaches are unlikely to disappear, and (we) expect them to be significant if not the dominant way projects will be conducted in the foreseeable future.

Exclusive 💬

Hani Hmedeh

About author

Founder of Zmaestro ◼️ Consultant ◼️ Mentor |

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